Australia - Smart Cities

Code: 15072016-05 | Published: Jul-2016 | Pages: 96 | Budde Communication Pty Ltd
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This report provides an overview of the key smart city developments around Australia. Most are city-driven but we also see a few case studies driven by state governments. Some are project-driven and the first ones are now arriving at a more strategic stage.
Case studies include: Adelaide, Ballarat, Canberra, Brisbane, Geelong, Ipswich, Kangaroo Island, Melbourne, Parramatta, Perth, Sunshine Coast, Sydney. State Governments – NSW, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria.
Researchers:- Paul Budde, Kylie WansinkCurrent publication date:- July 2016

Smart City Transformation 2016While a holistic approach towards the development of smart cities is still often missing, in 2016 there are some good examples, both nationally and internationally, of councils that are moving in the right direction. We are migrating from smart cities being a concept for the future to the point where we are now seeing cities making tangible plans and infrastructure decisions to support such a transformation.

This also means that the associated obstacles and challenges are more evident.

The most difficult issue to resolve in building smart cities is the funding. And this is not unique – all sectors and industries that are facing transformation are dealing with the same problem. The transformation process will not be possible unless investments are made in the ICT platform.

This unique report explores the issues, challenges and developments for smart cities, as well as providing insightful information on some of the leading cities from around the world.

The development of smart cities – and indeed smart countries – requires vision and recognition of the fact that many of today’s social, economic and sustainability problems can only be solved with the assistance of smart technologies. Key infrastructure elements here include broadband, energy, water and transport. In many cases the uniqueness, affordability, capacity, robustness, security and quality necessary for this calls for fibre optic and high-speed wireless infrastructure, to be used to develop smart integrated city systems. With the growth of cities, rising costs and lower income, cities are struggling to manage the transition to smart cities. This need will increase dramatically over the next 5 to 10 years as industries and whole sectors (healthcare, energy, transport, water) carry out the process of transforming themselves in order to better address the challenges ahead.

We need to create smart cities, smart businesses and smart countries, with high-speed infrastructure, smart grids, intelligent buildings, etc. Smart cities are also the hubs in the emerging interconnected/sharing/digital economy.

In order to better manage our societies and economies we need to have much better information about what is happening within all of the individual ecosystems, and in particular information about how these different systems interact. Currently they all operate within silos and there is little or no cooperation or coordination between them. ICT can be the bridge to connect them, collecting data from them and processing it in real time. Information can then be fed back to those who are managing the systems, and those who operate within them, such as doctors, teachers, business people, bureaucrats, politicians.

Some of these data interactions are already happening around smartphones, social media, traffic and crowd control, and weather information. This is only the start of what is known as the internet of things (IoT) or machine-to-machine communication (M2M).
While no city can claim to be the leader in the smart city movement there are thousands of examples in the leading cities around the world, and increasingly in Australia also, that have very impressive scores on the board. The fact that most leading cities are now finally developing strategic smart city plans – or at least economically viable smart city projects – indicates that this is not just another blue sky story, but a solid business reality.

There is now also more federal and state government focus on the need for cities to become smarter in order to improve lifestyle, drive job growth (especially in new, emerging small businesses) – and, equally important as is the case in all digital transformation processes, to take unnecessary costs out of the city economy. The big question, however, is who will fund these city transformations.

Table of Contents

1. Smart City transformation
1.1 Defining smart cities
1.2 Published smart city statistics
1.2.1 Smart city apps
1.3 The use of telecommunications in smart cities
1.3.1 Sensors may be key to truly smart cities
1.3.2 Connected lifestyle
1.4 Smart buildings
1.4.1 Developments still hampered by silo thinking
1.4.2 The need for a smart building platform
1.4.3 How to make buildings smarter
1.5 Connected homes gaining market share
1.5.1 Home Area Networks (HANs)
1.5.2 Alphabet, Microsoft, Samsung and Apple target smart Home market
1.6 Smart Factory – Industry 4.0
1.7 Standards
1.7.1 ITU and smart cities
1.7.2 Open & Agile Smart Cities Task Force (OASC)
1.7.3 International Standards Organization (ISO)
1.8 Working groups
1.8.1 United for Smart Sustainable Cities
1.9 A great city is much more than a smart city
2. Trends, Developments, Analyses
2.1 Potential value of smart cities to the economy
2.2 Australian cities – statistical Overview
2.2.1 Setting the scene
2.2.2 City Growth Statistics
2.3 Federal Government Smart City Plan
2.3.1 Collaborative approach between cities and industry
2.3.2 Smart Cities and Suburbs Program
2.4 Smart Cities and Smart Councils
2.4.1 Cities have been leading the way
2.4.2 The need for leadership from the top and ‘smart councils’
2.4.3 Advanced cities shifting focus
2.4.4 People are ready for smart environments
2.4.5 The funding dilemma
2.4.6 City-as-a-service – investment and business model
2.4.7 PPPPs – cities collaborating with citizens and private enterprise
2.4.8 The industry platform
2.4.9 Intercity collaboration
2.4.10 Smart Cities and the open data dilemma
2.5 Smart people are the key to smart cities
2.6 Telcos, industry platforms and smart cities
2.7 The Drivers behind Smart Cities
2.7.1 Customer-driven smart cities
2.7.2 Economy-driven smart cities
2.7.3 Society-driven smart cities
2.7.4 Urbanisation
2.7.5 Greenfields Opportunities
2.7.6 Brownfields Challenges
2.8 Trends, Developments, Analyses
2.8.1 Fairfax data underlines the need for smart cities
2.8.2 Councils should object to FttN
2.8.3 NBN critical in developing Australia’s first smart cities
2.8.4 The need for smart infrastructure policies
2.8.5 Cities of the future research
2.8.6 Smart Cities: sustainable engines for growth
2.8.7 Have plans ready for opportunities
2.8.8 Regulations for drones
2.9 Smart cities and smart countries - Analysis
2.9.1 The need for an holistic approach
2.9.2 How to build smart communities and smart countries
2.9.3 Stage one - infrastructure
2.9.4 Stage two – trans-sector policies
2.9.5 Stage three - the business game-changer
2.10 Rolling out infrastructure the smart way
3. Case studies
3.1 Adelaide - WiFi network basis for innovation hub
3.2 Ballarat Smart Waste Management
3.3 Brisbane – Digital Brisbane
3.4 Canberra –smart parking
3.5 Geelong
3.6 Ipswich
3.7 Kangaroo Island Council creates broadband competition
3.8 Lake Macquarie City Council
3.9 NSW - Drones as building inspectors
3.10 NSW - Smart Work Hubs
3.11 Parramatta
3.12 Perth investigates free WiFi for public transport
3.13 Queensland - Smart water infrastructure
3.14 SE Queensland Smart streetlights (and more)
3.15 South Australia - Drones to monitor the dingo fence
3.16 Sunshine Coast leading the smart city movement
3.17 Sydney
3.17.1 Sydney on the Global Network Society Index
3.17.2 Social score
3.17.3 Economy score
3.17.4 Environment score
3.17.5 ICT Infrastructure score
3.17.6 ICT Affordability score
3.17.7 ICT usage score
3.18 Victoria - Drones to inspect sewage
3.18.1 Melbourne Water
3.18.2 South East water Victoria
3.19 Initiatives of the telcos
3.19.1 NBN company
3.19.2 Optus creates a smart city showcase
3.20 Research and Development
3.20.1 Future Cities Collaborative
4. How to become a Smart City
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Mayors taking the lead in building smart cities
4.1.2 People are ready for smart environments
4.2 Holistic thinking essential in smart city vision
4.2.1 Local government
4.2.2 Holistic thinking
4.3 The role of local councils
4.3.1 Infrastructure comes naturally to local councils
4.3.2 Why should local government be involved?
4.3.3 Cities have all the tools to take charge
4.3.4 Open data
4.4 How to get started
4.4.1 Leadership and Smart City Vision
4.4.2 Smart Council
4.4.3 PPPPs - cities collaborating with citizens and private enterprise
4.5 The Sharing Economy
4.5.1 Shared community services
4.5.2 Strategic elements of the sharing economy
4.5.3 Sustainable communities
5. Connected homes
5.1 Overview and introduction
5.1.1 Smart Homes - Analysis 2016
5.1.2 Connected communities
5.1.3 Communication, smart energy and home automation
5.1.4 Overview of new High-tech home devices
5.2 Connected devices set to triple by 2020
5.3 Australians@HOME
5.3.1 Introduction
5.3.2 Cooking
5.3.3 Entertaining
5.3.4 Attitudes to Cleaning
5.3.5 Connected Home Technology
5.3.6 Conclusions
5.4 Connected Home Surveys
5.5 Connected Future Survey
5.6 NBN Co/Ovum Survey
5.7 Smart home automation market growing to nearly $1bn by 2017
5.8 Telstra
5.8.1 Smart Home Solution
5.8.2 Telstra’s connected home strategies - Background
5.9 Smart Home in Armidale
5.10 Connected lifestyle
5.11 CSIROs Eddy for smart-home energy control
6. Smart farming
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Smart Farm Armidale
6.2.1 Smart farming
6.2.2 Kirby Smart Farm
6.2.3 Smart Farm projects
6.2.4 Live map of soil and environmental conditions
6.2.5 Monitoring cattle behaviour using GPS collars and ear tag tracking devices
6.2.6 Access Cam
6.2.7 SMART Farm control portal
6.2.8 SMART Farm Innovation Centre
Table 1 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by country
Table 2 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by age
Table 3 - Public Sector Value Gain (A$)
Table 4 – Contribution to economic output (by population)
Table 5 - Average Internet connected devices per household to 2020
Table 6 – Future smart home requirements
Exhibit 1 – Statistical overview
Exhibit 2 – Smart city market size, estimates and projections
Exhibit 3 – Examples of HAN technology options
Exhibit 4 – Key smart home players
Exhibit 5 – Alphabet (Google)’s acquisition of Nest and smart homes
Exhibit 6 - Design principles of industry 4.0
Exhibit 7 – Statistical insights in Australian cities
Exhibit 8 - Maroochydore’s smart city centre and the NBN
Exhibit 9- Trans-sector vs Cross-sector
Exhibit 10 – Trans-sector benefits
Exhibit 11 – Key steps in developing a smart council
Exhibit 12 – Home automation systems
Exhibit 13 - Samsung Australians@HOME Products

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