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The digital TV and video streaming industry has changed beyond recognition and it continues to evolve in 2016. Consumer habits are shifting from broadcast TV to on-demand content - especially streaming. Traditional TV viewing is increasingly facing competition from other viewing platforms such as smart phones, tablets, and Smart TVs.
Choice is the key. Broadcasters are no longer in charge of the global viewing habits of consumers, who have the choice of, and the ability to access, an enormous amount of movie and TV series content through internet broadband. Pay TV across the various platforms - including cable TV, IPTV, and satellite TV - continues to rise in popularity, and this trend is reflected in the markets increasing service revenues. IPTV is the fastest-growing pay TV platform from a global perspective.
Within the Australian market, although there has been steady growth in subscription TV services into 2016, in coming years customer viewing on the platform will have been greatly changed following the launch of services by OTT providers such as Presto, Stan and Netflix as well as SVoD options being marketed by FTA broadcasters.
Although FOXTEL has seen steady revenue growth during the last few years the company has struggled to increase pay TV penetration in Australia. These offer competitively priced basic packages, commonly below A$10 per month, play to consumers desire to view content at a time of their choosing. Although linear TV in early 2015 was still adopted by about 88percent of Australian households, the figure is falling gradually, and the advent of OTT viewing as well as IPTV offers from Telstra and other major ISPs will see a more rapid shift from liner to time-shifted TV in coming years.
The FTA broadcasters as well as marketers and advertisers who need a return on investments are watching the available content options. The distribution advantage held by FOXTEL is slipping away as the NBN becomes built out over a greater number of premises, so expanding the reach of capable broadband infrastructure which enables subscribers to access OTT and IPTV content
Following the end of analogue broadcasting, Australians have been able to access many more Free-to-Air TV channels as digital broadcasts. Although there are more channels available, the number of viewing hours has remained relatively stable for a number of years, and as a result individual channels, and particularly specific shows, have seen declining viewer numbers. Viewing habits have also been affected by the advent of catch-up TV services, which have been made available from the main broadcasters for two to three years.
Video applications over broadband are being used by many different industries for advertising, marketing, demonstration, entertainment and communication purposes. Video streaming already makes up the largest component of internet traffic, and is set to continue growing faster than other digital formats.
Driven by the successful US-based Netflix video streaming service, several Australian companies have launched new video streaming services or updated their services. As the demise of local operator Quickflix in 2016 has shown, there is insufficient room for all of the video streaming players. Netflix has emerged as the dominant operator, but both Stan and Presto have built up a significant customer base, and both have the substantial financial resources of their backers at their disposal. This should enable both players to continue investing in content in a bid to keep up with Netflixs international buying power
The traditional IPTV model is making something of a comeback, with new video streaming services launched over higher-speed broadband networks and the introduction of competitively priced triple-play models. However, digital rights constraints are making it impossible for the services to take a larger share of the entertainment content market. It is therefore free catch-up TV series rather than movies and sport that are driving the current developments.
Movie content available - under the basic IPTV subscription - is mostly B- or C-rated; A rated material and new releases are only available at extra charges. BuddeComm remains pessimistic about the current commercial video streaming business models of most of the players. We predict that consolidation will have to happen. In addition, legislative changes will go far to protecting content providers rather than consumers, leading to a more controlled media landscape.
By far the largest growth in video entertainment comes from user-generated content services such as YouTube, Facebook and a whole new range of services of short, and even super-short, videos. Catch-up TV would be the second largest category. BuddeComm estimates that downloading and streaming of video now constitutes well over 50percent of all regular online video usage, and that this will only increase over time.
There is a correlation between the availability of high-speed broadband and video streaming usage and it is envisaged that further increases in high-speed broadband penetration will drive new video streaming developments. The rapid growth of smartphones and tablets is also giving this market a boost, as well as new business models such as pay-per-view. New video streaming services are already being streamed over these devices as well as over gaming devices.
Mobile Video Streaming
Mobile video streaming, also known as mobile TV, has been promoted by mobile network operators as a prime benefit of capable infrastructure which has resulted from networks being upgraded LTE technologies. These upgrades enable subscribers to view streaming content on the go, with content less subject to outages and failed connections. However, until recently the platform had not caught the publics attention, despite the introduction of unmetered access and generous data caps. MNOs initially failed to develop the right business models to deliver the type of content suitable for mobile streaming (such as sports oriented content, and short clips).
Video streaming over mobile networks is forecast to grow strongly, although not quite as dramatically as initially expected. Due to poor data allowance and steep prices, users tend to watch mobile video over WiFi more than over a cellular network.
It was also uncertain whether customers would want to pay for content at all, given the small size of screens when mobile streaming was initially promoted. However, in recent months the popularity of phablets, or devices with screens larger than 5.5 inches, has helped address some of the concerns that mobile streaming was unsuitable for the small screen. In addition, the development of new technologies such as LTE-Broadcast will make the delivery of mobile streaming more efficient on a technical level, while the ability of people to view content from Netflix and other OTT services via mobile devices has made the format more attractive. The platform is also being made more popular by the reliance on Wi-Fi for backhaul, thus addressing concerns of high data consumption on mobile plans.
Digital radio operates in the five mainland state capitals of Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney. Trial broadcasts services are available in Canberra and Darwin, while repeaters have been switched on in certain outlying areas of Sydney, Brisbane and Perth. Digital radio availability in the rest of regional and remote Australia is still being negotiated with the Federal Government. There are also considerations relating to funding the cost of setting up additional infrastructure, as well as decisions to be made regarding the frequency band most efficient to use.
Digital radio has failed to live up to its potential. A key factor is that streaming of radio over smartphones, tablets and computers has become increasingly popular with similar quality of sound to digital radio. Also alternative streaming services such as Spotify and Pandora have also increasingly popular and operate as an indirect substitute to digital radio.
Table of Contents
1. Broadcasting transformation - Smart TV, Pay TV and Digital TV insights
1.1 Broadcasting changing beyond recognition
1.1.1 Streaming closing in on traditional TV
1.1.2 Cloud computing and broadcasting
1.1.3 Move towards channel unbundling
1.1.4 Broadcasting is moving to broadband
1.2 Digital TV
1.2.1 Digital TV market overview
1.2.2 Summary of key trends
1.3 Pay TV
1.4 Cable TV
1.5.1 HDTV market overview
1.6 Ultra-HD/4K TV
1.6.1 4K to drive bandwidth demand to gigabit levels
1.6.2 BitTorrents deal with CE manufacturers
1.7 The Smart or Connected TV
1.7.2 Waiting for the next generation of Smart TVs
1.7.3 Digital media players connecting smartphones to TVs
1.7.4 Smart TV threatens broadcasters
2. Pay TV, free-to-air TV - statistics and analysis
2.1 The Pay TV market
2.1.1 Subscriber statistics
2.1.2 Consumer penetration statistics
2.1.3 Revenue statistics
2.1.4 Advertising revenue
2.1.5 ARPU and churn Statistics
2.1.6 Infrastructure statistics and Availability
2.1.7 Industry and market analysis
2.1.8 Can Foxtel revive the pay TV market?
2.1.9 Forecasts - Pay TV penetration to 2021
2.2.1 Company information
2.2.2 Company analysis
2.2.3 Operational results
2.2.4 Subscriber statistics
2.2.5 Historic subscriber statistics
2.2.6 Financial results
2.2.7 Acquisitions, alliances and subsidiary companies
2.2.8 Products and Services
2.2.9 Company history
2.3 The Free-to-Air TV market
2.3.1 Trends and analysis
2.3.2 Major FTA Providers
2.3.3 Usage Statistics
2.3.4 Advertising market statistics
3. Video streaming - key market insights
3.1 Fixed and mobile services
3.1.2 The video streaming market
3.1.3 Online video media
3.1.4 Video-On-Demand services
3.1.5 Industry insights
3.1.6 Brief case studies
3.1.7 Video streaming over mobile networks
3.1.8 Conclusion: The future of video in telecoms
3.2 Major players
3.2.4 Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)
3.2.5 Apple TV
3.2.6 BBC iPlayer
3.2.9 Free-to-Air TV stations
3.2.14 Netbay IPTV
3.2.17 Optus TV
3.2.19 Special Broadcasting Service (SBS)
3.2.20 Seven Network
3.2.22 Telstra Media
3.2.23 Ten Network
3.2.25 VOD Pty Ltd
3.3 Mobile media - mobile video streaming
3.3.1 What is mobile video steaming?
3.3.2 Market overview and analysis
3.3.3 Cloud-based mobile streaming
3.3.4 Major players
3.3.6 Technology platforms
4. Digital Radio
4.1 Market overview
4.1.2 Market Analysis
4.1.3 Market statistics
4.1.4 Digital radio still being trialled regionally
4.1.5 Regional deployment of digital radio
4.1.6 Digital radio as a supplementary service
4.1.7 Challenge from mobile broadcasts
4.1.8 The radio stations
4.1.9 retailers and digital radio
4.1.10 Community digital radio gains broadcasting funds
4.1.11 Digital radio provided in vehicles increasing
4.1.12 Digital radio coverage extended in some metropolitan areas
4.1.13 Regulatory developments
4.1.14 Agreement on new Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) standard
4.2 Features and benefits of digital radio
4.2.1 Reception quality
4.2.2 Text, images and data
4.2.3 Visual radio
4.2.4 Music downloading
4.2.5 Greater programming capacity
4.2.6 Traffic information
4.2.8 Pay radio
4.2.9 Internet radio
Table 1 - Global - digital TV households - 2009 - 2016; 2020
Table 2 -Global - digital TV market share - 2006; 2009; 2011 - 2014; 2020
Table 3 - Top 10 countries - digital TV households - 2014
Table 4 - Global - pay TV subscribers - 2010 - 2015; 2021
Table 5 - Top 10 pay TV countries in Europe - 2014
Table 6 - Cable TV subscribers - 2010 - 2014; 2020
Table 7 - Historic - AUSTAR pay TV subscribers - 2008 - 2011
Table 8 - Pay TV subscribers, Foxtel, others and total - 2008 - 2015
Table 9 - Pay TV subscribers - annual change by major operator - 2008 - 2015
Table 10 - Pay TV subscribers - annual change by major operator (historic) - 1997 - 2007
Table 11 - Historic - Pay TV household penetration rates - 1997 - 2004
Table 12 - Pay TV household penetration rates - 2005 - 2015
Table 13 - Historic - Pay TV revenue by major operator - 1997 - 2004
Table 14 - Pay TV revenue by major operator - 2005 - 2015
Table 15 - Historic - Percentage change of pay TV revenue by major operator - 1998 - 2004
Table 16 - Percentage change of pay TV revenue by major operator - 2005 - 2015
Table 17 - Subscription TV advertising revenue and annual change - 2000 - 2015
Table 18 - Historical - ARPU levels per operator AUSTAR versus FOXTEL - 2003 - 2015
Table 19 - Pay TV industry annual churn rates - 1996 - 2015
Table 20 - Forecast pay TV household penetration - lower growth scenario - 2010; 2016; 2021
Table 21 - Forecast pay TV household penetration - higher growth scenario - 2010; 2016; 2021
Table 22 - Total FOXTEL and wholesale subscribers - 2012 - 2015
Table 23 - FOXTEL and wholesale subscribers by annual change - 2012 - 2014
Table 24 - Subscriber annual churn rate - 2002 - 2014
Table 25 - Historic - FOXTEL and wholesale subscribers - 2002 - 2011
Table 26 - Historic - FOXTEL and wholesale subscribers by annual change - 2003 - 2011
Table 27 - Historic - FOXTEL subscribers by type - 2008 - 2011
Table 28 - FOXTEL - Key Financial Indicators - 2014 - 2015
Table 29 - FOXTEL - Revenue and Net Income - 2012 - 2015
Table 30 - FOXTEL - Revenue and Net Income (US$) - 2012 - 2015
Table 31 - FOXTEL monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2015
Table 32 - AUSTAR key operating and financial figures - 2009 - 2012
Table 33 - Number of television and radio licences on issue - 2011 - 2014
Table 34 - Percentage shares of capital city TV advertising market - 1998 - 2015
Table 35 - Metropolitan advertising revenue for FTA commercial networks - 2009 - 2015
Table 36 - Regional and total advertising revenue for FTA commercial networks - 2009 - 2015
Table 37 - Global IPTV subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 38 - Global OTT video streaming revenue - 2015; 2020
Table 39 - Netflix domestic and international subscriptions - 2011 - Q1 2016
Table 40 - Netflix consolidated revenue - 2009 - Q1 2016
Table 41 - Online video unique visitors - top online video properties in the US - 2010; 2012; 2014; 2015
Table 42 - Total number of Fetch TV subscribers 2012 - 2015
Table 43 - Average SVoD streaming speed by ISP - 2015
Table 44 - Quickflix subscribers - 2008 - 2015
Table 45 - Telstra Media financial results - 2010 - 2015
Table 46 - Telstra cumulative T-Box device sales - 2011 - 2014
Table 47 - Estimated size of digital radio listening audience - 2009 - 2015
Table 48 - Cumulative digital device sales - 2009 - 2015
Table 49 - Funding of digital radio community radio - 2009 - 2016
Table 50 - Digital radio sales in vehicles - 2011 - 2015
Exhibit 1 - Will broadcasting move to the cloud?
Exhibit 2 - Set-Top Boxes (STBs)
Exhibit 3 - Historical overview - HDTV
Exhibit 4 - Pay TV rollouts by state
Exhibit 5 - FOXTEL at a glance
Exhibit 6 - AUSTAR brief company history - 1994 - 2012
Exhibit 7 - Listing of major commercial television licences by Network ID and affiliation
Exhibit 8 - Examples of key IPTV vendors worldwide
Exhibit 9 - Examples of online VoD sites
Exhibit 10 - Equivalence between access modes and traditional audiovisual use
Exhibit 11 - Blockbuster closes its stores across America
Exhibit 12 - Definition: Content Delivery Networks (CDN)
Exhibit 13 - Overview of the now defunct cloud- based mobile streaming services
Exhibit 14 - Background information on the defunct Optus TV Now service
Exhibit 15 - Examples of Mobile TV technologies
Exhibit 16 - Broadcast Australia DVB-H trials - 2005 - 2009
Exhibit 17 - Brief timeline of music on the internet - 1984 - 2014
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