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Chad and Cameroon sign fibre optic partnershipIn recent years Chads economy has been supported by revenue from oil exports, though revenue derived has been negatively affected by the falling price of oil since late 2014. This income has enabled the government to propose a number of infrastructural projects, but in overall terms little has gone to improving the countrys telecom infrastructure. Chad has one of the least developed telecom markets in the world, with penetration rates in all sectors - fixed, mobile and internet -well below African averages. Nevertheless, recent regulatory developments and renewed commitments from existing players in the sector have showcased the potential for investors to develop services in a with such a low starting base.
The mobile sector is developing steadily under the auspices of two foreign-owned players - Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain), and Millicom (Tigo). Each has considerable experience with operating mobile networks in the region. The national telco and fixed-line operator, Sotel Tchad (ST) operates the countrys third mobile network.
ST has also rolled out a CDMA2000 fixed-wireless system that supports broadband internet access using EV-DO technology. The mobile networks offer basic mobile data services using GPRS and EDGE technology. The countrys first 3G/4G mobile licence was awarded in April 2014.
Landlocked Chad finally gained access to international fibre bandwidth in 2012, but it still lacks a national backbone infrastructure to support efficient broadband services. All long-distance connections are currently made via satellite. However, the World Bank-funded Central African Backbone (CAB) project has now laid the foundation for the development of a broadband market. The government is seeking partners to expand the national fibre network. To this end it has sought to sell up to 80percent of its stake in Sotel Tchad.
O3b Networks trials its Fibre from the Sky satellite broadband platform;
Bharti Airtel extends 3G services, cancels sale of mobile tower assets in Chad;
Tigo Chad launches LTE, extends 3G to Abeche, Ndjamena and Moundou;
Bharti Airtel leases towers for radio comms to the National Office of Broadcasting and Television;
Continuing expansion of national fibre backbone into 2016;
Sotel and CamTel sign infrastructure expansion agreement;
YooMee secures funding for LTE deployment;
Report update includes operator data to March 2016, recent market developments.Market penetration rates in Chads telecoms sector - end-2015 (e)
Fixed internet users2.9percent
Mobile SIM (population)49percent
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)
Companies mentioned in this report:
Sotel Tchad (LAP Green); TchadNet; Bharti Airtel (Zain); Millicom (Tigo); Tchad Mobile (Orascom); Sitcom.
Table of Contents
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Telecommunications Act 1998
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Quality of service (QoS)
5.4 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. Fixed network operator
6.1 Sotel Tchad
6.1.2 CDMA2000 WLL
6.1.3 National backbone network (Sitcom)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
8. International infrastructure
8.1 Submarine fibre optic cables
8.2 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
8.3 Other projects
9. Broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Market analysis
9.1.2 Broadband statistics
9.1.3 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
9.1.4 Satellite broadband
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Market analysis
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.2 Mobile infrastructure
10.2.1 Digital networks
10.3 Other infrastructure developments
10.3.1 Satellite mobile
10.4 Major mobile operators
10.4.1 Airtel Chad (formerly Zain)
10.4.2 Millicom Chad (Tigo)
10.4.3 Salam Mobile
10.4.4 Tchad Mobile (defunct)
10.5 Mobile content and applications
10.5.1 Money transfer, m-banking
11. Related reports
Table 1 - Country statistics Chad - 2015 (e)
Table 2 - Fixed network statistics - 2015 (e)
Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2016
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2015 (e)
Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2015 (e)
Table 6 - National telecommunications authority
Table 7 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 1999 - 2009
Table 8 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 2010 - 2015
Table 9 - International internet bandwidth in Chad - 1999 - 2014
Table 10 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Chad - 1998 - 2009
Table 11 - Internet users and penetration rate in Chad - 2010 - 2016
Table 12 - Internet subscribers in Chad - 2009 - 2016
Table 13 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2000 - 2009
Table 14 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2010 - 2016
Table 15 - Zain Chad subscribers - 2005 - 2010
Table 16 - Zain Chad ARPU (historic) - 2002 - 2009
Table 17 - Tigo Chad subscribers - 2008 - 2016
Table 12 - Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers - 2001 - 2004
Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad - 2005 - 2016
Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate in Chad - 2005 - 2016
Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad - 2000 - 2016
Exhibit 1 - Map of Chad
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