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Currently the Middle East offers a varied picture when it comes to fixed broadband infrastructure with some markets moving ahead in terms of deployment and others lagging behind due to economic, civil unrest or political inhibitors. The UAE, for example, has one of the most advanced broadband markets at both a regional and global level where as Yemen, for comparison purposes, has seen a slow development of its telecoms market due its weak economic position at both a regional and global level, along with years of political unrest and civil fighting. Due to the instability of fixed telecoms infrastructure in Yemen there has been a surge in satellite broadband use.
Many countries in the Middle East are now transferring telecoms infrastructure spending towards fibre-optic deployment rather than new DSL infrastructure. The UAE boasts the worlds highest penetration of Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH), ahead even of South Korea and Hong Kong. The country has been leading the Global FttH Ranking since 2012 and in early 2015 the estimated FttH household penetration had reached nearly 70percent.
In Qatar attention has also turned away from developing DSL networks as the operators and government focus their efforts on fibre network build-outs. This is in-line with the Qatar National Vision 2030 which was developed in 2008 and sees, in part, the country invest in its fibre infrastructure.
Saudi Arabias fixed broadband market is experiencing a major technology shift from ADSL to fibre as well, with STC expanding FttH coverage to most urban centres, and another two companies - Go Telecom and Mobily - also offering FttH services.
Broadband services are widely available in Turkey, with competition predominantly infrastructure based. ADSL continues to represent the majority of fixed broadband subscriptions due to the reach of Turk Telekoms copper network. ADSL will eventually lose its dominance due to the rapid growth in fibre subscriptions however.
Israel has a very high household internet penetration rate, almost all of which are broadband connections. There are three competing broadband platforms - the DSL and fibre network of fixed-line incumbent Bezeq, the HFC network of HOT, and the mobile broadband products offered by the mobile operators.
Increased Internet speeds and improved broadband capacity has fuelled growth for Lebanons ICT sector. The government has made concerted efforts to introduce lower prices and offer higher speeds for broadband as well as reduce fixed and mobile telephone tariffs.
Prior to the current civil conflict in Syria, the country was making progress and had installed an extensive fixed-line infrastructure in terms of the number of lines. STE had also deployed equipment to support the delivery of broadband services and increased transmission capacity to provide the requisite bandwidth. While these were positive signs - the current situation in Syria means its telecommunications infrastructure is very vulnerable.
Iraq is also struggling due to the civil unrest and while attempts have also been made to deploy fibre optic infrastructure across Iraq; its penetration is still very low and expensive. The full extent of the damage to these networks by the current civil war is as yet unknown.
Jordan is also developing its fibre network and has been working towards a National Broadband Network since 2003. At times development has halted due to a lack of funds and in 2014 around 35percent of the planned network had been deployed.
There has been a recent and renewed push towards improving fixed broadband infrastructure - particularly fibre-based networks in Oman. As part of it National Broadband Strategy, Oman Broadband Company (OBC) has enabled access to fibre networks for around 70,000 residential and commercial businesses around Muscat. By 2040 it hopes to have all homes and businesses connected to its national broadband infrastructure.
While mobile is booming in Kuwait; the same cannot be said for broadband and fibre deployment. Fixed broadband penetration is low, blamed on underinvestment in infrastructure and the lack of a national broadband policy. The absence of an independent regulator in particular is thought to be an inhibitor to attracting fixed broadband investment in Kuwait. However with parliament approving plans towards a regulator in 2015, this matter may be resolved in near the future.
Despite the relatively low penetration of fixed broadband in Iran; there are moves underway to improve broadband access, with the FttX operator Iranian-Net currently deploying a fibre network which aims to have 8 million customers by 2020.
Bahrain has always been at the forefront of Internet penetration in the Middle East region and since the introduction of greater competition, and the consequent fall in prices, broadband subscriber numbers have grown rapidly.
Overall the progress of fixed broadband development in many parts of the Middle East is very positive. The region is well serviced by international and regional submarine cables. The launch of the Tamares Telecom submarine network in 2012 more than doubled total capacity. In January 2014, capacity again surged and almost redoubled with the launch of the Middle East North Africa (MENA) Cable System. The Bay of Bengal Gateway (BBG) and the SEA-ME-WE-5, with a capacity of 24Tb/s, which is due to become operational in 2016 will increase this capacity even further.
Since 2010, fibre broadband has become the fastest growing technology in the UAE.
Fixed home Internet access in Yemen is expensive with consumers required to purchase a router and pay for on-going monthly bundles, which can be cost prohibitive. For this reason many citizens choose to utilize Internet cafes instead.
Qatar is considered to be one of the most highly connected markets in the Middle East and offers significant opportunity with high numbers of mobile and broadband subscribers combined with wealth due to its large natural gas reserves.
Strong fixed broadband growth is expected in Turkey as Turk Telekom focuses on growing broadband revenue to offset expected falling Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) voice revenue due to continuing mobile substitution and competition entering the retail fixed-line voice market.
Israels fixed line sector has recently undergone an important reform with the government opening up the market to wholesale rental.
Lebanon was an early investor in fibre-optic technology with an extensive fibre network already laid throughout the country.
Syria has a tightly controlled market where the domestic and international fixed-line market remains under the strict monopoly of the government-owned Syrian Telecommunication Establishment (STE). STE is currently the sole provider of infrastructure and is responsible for all types of telecommunications, including Internet bandwidth.
Broadband penetration is growing strongly in Saudi Arabia. Broadband is available via ADSL, fibre, and wireless.
In Jordan the national broadband network is currently being built.
Iraq has traditionally supported the deployment of fibre infrastructure.
Oman has a number of broadband alternatives including ADSL, Fibre, WiFi, WiMAX and mobile broadband platforms.
The deployment of fibre networks throughout Kuwait has been steady but slow. The government recognises that the existing copper based infrastructure will not keep up with the data demands of the future.
Broadband penetration is improving in Iran, given the growing number of competing ISPs, made possible through a licensing scheme.
The TRA is overseeing the build-out of a national broadband fibre-optic network in Bahrain which it hopes that 80percent of the population will have access to by 2018.
Companies mentioned in this report
Etisalat, du; TeleYemen, Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC); Ooredoo Qatar, Vodafone Qatar, Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN); STC, Go Telecom, Mobily; Turk Telekom, Superonline, Superonline, Vodafone Turkey; Bezeq, HOT Telecom, 013 NetVision, 012 Smile Telecom, Xfone 018; Ogero Telecom, Cable One, Cedarcom, GlobalCom Data Services (GDS), Pesco Telecom, Sodetel, IDM/Cyberia, TerraNet, Lebanese Broadband Stakeholders Group (LBSG); STE; ITPC, URUKLINK, Newroz,IQ Networks; Orange Jordan; Omantel, Oman Broadband Company (OBC); Kuwait Ministry of Communications (MoC), Qualitynet, Zajil KEMS, FASTtelco, Gulfnet; Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI), Iranian-net; 2Connect, Batelco, Etisalcom, Kalaam Telecoms, Lightspeed, Mena Telecoms, Nuetel Communications, Rapid Telecoms, Zain Bahrain.
Table of Contents
1. Region Overview
1.1 FttP penetration levels of more than 50percent in Arab oil states
2.1 Introduction and statistical overview
2.2 Market analysis
2.3 Broadband statistics
2.4 Broadband subscriber forecasts
2.4.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
2.4.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
2.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
2.6 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
2.6.1 National Broadband Network (NBN)
2.7 Other fixed broadband services
2.7.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
3.1 Introduction and statistical overview
3.2 Market analysis
3.3 Broadband statistics
3.4 Forecasts - broadband subscribers
3.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
3.6 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
3.7 Other fixed broadband services
3.7.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
3.8 Competition issues
3.8.1 ISP market
4.1.1 Internet statistics
4.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
4.3 Satellite broadband
4.4 Other fixed broadband services
4.4.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
5.1 Introduction and statistical overview
5.2 Market analysis
5.3 Broadband statistics
6.1 Market analysis
6.2 Broadband statistics
6.3 Forecasts - broadband subscribers
6.3.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
6.3.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
6.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
6.6 Other fixed broadband services
6.6.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
6.7 Competition issues
6.7.1 ISP market
7.1 Introduction and statistical overview
7.2 Market analysis
7.3 Broadband statistics
7.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
7.6 Other fixed broadband services
7.6.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
8.1 Market analysis
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.3 Broadband subscriber forecasts
8.3.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
8.3.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
8.4 Competition issues
8.4.1 Data service providers
8.4.2 ISP market
8.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
8.6 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
8.7 Other fixed broadband services
8.7.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
8.7.2 Internet via satellite (Ku band services)
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Internet and broadband statistics
9.2 Broadband subscriber forecasts
9.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
9.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
9.3 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
9.4 Fibre to the Home (FttH)
9.5 Wireless broadband
10.1 Introduction and statistical overview
10.1.1 Market analysis
10.1.2 Broadband statistics
10.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
10.3 Fibre-to-the-premises (FTTP) and Fibre-to-the-home (FttH)
10.3.1 Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN)
10.3.2 Vodafone Qatar
11. Saudi Arabia
11.1.2 Broadband statistics
11.2 Broadband forecasts
11.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
11.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
11.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
11.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
11.5 Fixed-wireless broadband
12.1 Introduction and statistical overview
12.2 Market analysis
12.2.1 ISP market
12.3 Broadband statistics
12.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
13.1 Introduction and statistical overview
13.2 Market analysis
13.3 Broadband statistics
13.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
13.5 Cable modems
13.6 Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FttC) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
14. United Arab Emirates
14.1 Introduction and statistical overview
14.2 Market analysis
14.2.1 Dubai Internet City (DIC)
14.2.2 Internet cafEs
14.3 Broadband statistics
14.3.1 Broadband forecasts
14.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
14.5 Other fixed broadband services
14.6 Fixed wireless (WiFi, WiMAX)
14.7 Internet via satellite
15.1 Introduction and statistical overview
15.2 Market analysis
15.3 Broadband statistics
15.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
15.5 Other fixed broadband services
15.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
Table 1 - Arab States - Regional market share of fixed broadband subscribers - 2014
Table 2 - Bahrain - Historic - Internet users and penetration estimates - 1995 - 2004
Table 3 - Bahrain - Internet users and penetration estimates - 2005 - 2015
Table 4 - Bahrain - Broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2015
Table 5 - Bahrain - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2016; 2019; 2024
Table 6 - Bahrain - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2016; 2019; 2024
Table 7 - Iran - Internet users and penetration estimates - 1996 - 2015
Table 8 - Iran - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2000 - 2015
Table 9 - Iran - Household PC penetration - 2002 - 2015
Table 10 - Iran - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2015, 2019; 2024
Table 11 - Iran - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2015, 2019; 2024
Table 12 - Irancell WiMAX subscribers - 2012 - Mid 2014
Table 13 - Iraq - Internet user penetration and estimates - 2001 - 2015
Table 14 - Iraq - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2015
Table 15 - Iraq - International Internet bandwidth - 2005 - 2013
Table 16 - Iraq - Household PC penetration - 2008 - 2015
Table 17 - Israel - Internet users and penetration - 1997 - 2015
Table 18 - Israel - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2015
Table 19 - Israel - Bezeq ADSL subscribers and ARPU- 2005 - 2014
Table 20 - Israel - Average broadband speed per Bezeq customer - 2007 - 2014
Table 21 - Israel - PC penetration - 2002 - 2014
Table 22 - Israel - International internet bandwidth - 2005 - 2014
Table 23 - Jordan - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2015
Table 24 - Jordan - Internet subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2015
Table 25 - Jordan - Internet subscribers by access method - 2009 -2014
Table 26 - Jordan - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2016; 2018; 2022
Table 27 - Jordan - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2016; 2018; 2022
Table 28 - Jordan - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2014
Table 29 - Kuwait - Internet users and penetration - 1995 - 2015
Table 30 - Kuwait - Fixed Broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2015
Table 31 - Kuwait - Household PC penetration - 2002 - 2015
Table 32 - Lebanon - Internet user and penetration estimates - 1995 - 2015
Table 33 - Lebanon - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2002 - 2015
Table 34 - Lebanon - Household PC penetration - 2002 - 2015
Table 35 - Lebanon - International Internet bandwidth - 2003 - 2013
Table 36 - Lebanon - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2019; 2024
Table 37 - Lebanon - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2019; 2024
Table 38 - Oman - Internet users and penetration - 1998 - 2015
Table 39 - Oman - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2015
Table 40 - Omantel Fixed Internet ARPU - 2008 - 2014
Table 41 - Ooredoo Oman fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2013
Table 42 - Oman - International Internet bandwidth - 2012 - 2014
Table 43 - Oman - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2015, 2018; 2023
Table 44 - Oman - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2015, 2018; 2023
Table 45 - Qatar - Internet users and penetration - 1995 - 2015
Table 46 - Qatar - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2002 - 2015
Table 47 - Qatar - Household PC penetration - 2007 - 2015
Table 48 - Qatar - International Internet bandwidth - 2003 - 2014
Table 49 - Saudi Arabia - Historic - fixed internet users and user penetration - 1995 - 2004
Table 50 - Saudi Arabia - Fixed internet users and user penetration - 2005 - 2015
Table 51 - Saudi Arabia - Fixed broadband subscriptions - technologies and penetration - 2008 - 2015
Table 52 - Saudi Arabia - Fixed and mobile broadband - total and market share - 2002 - 2015
Table 53 - Saudi Arabia - household PC penetration - 2002 - 2015
Table 54 - Saudi Arabia - Forecast mobile broadband subscriptions - higher growth scenario - 2015, 2020; 2025
Table 55 - Saudi Arabia - Forecast mobile broadband subscriptions - lower growth scenario - 2015, 2020; 2025
Table 56 - Syria - Fixed Internet subscriptions and households with internet access - 2005 - 2013
Table 57 - Syria - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Table 58 - Syria - International Internet bandwidth - 2004 - 2014
Table 59 - Turkey - Broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - Q2 2015
Table 60 - Turkey - Broadband subscribers by access technology - 2009 - Q2 2015
Table 61 - Turkey - ISP market share - June 2013; June 2015
Table 62 - Turkey - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber - 2010 - mid 2014
Table 63 - Turkey - International Internet Bandwidth - 2003 - 2014
Table 64 - Turkey - Turk Telekom Fixed broadband ARPU - 2007 - 2014
Table 65 - Turkey - Turk Telekom fibre subscribers - 2013; 2014
Table 66 - Turkey - Superonline FttX homes passed and subscribers - 2011 - 2014
Table 67 - UAE - Internet users and penetration - 1995 - 2015
Table 68 - UAE - fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2015
Table 69 - UAE - Etisalat fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2014
Table 70 - UAE - international internet bandwidth - 2005 - 2013
Table 71 - UAE - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2015, 2020; 2025
Table 72 - UAE - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2015, 2020; 2025
Table 73 - Yemen - Internet user and penetration estimates - 1997 - 2015
Table 74 - Yemen - Households with Internet access - 2004 - 2015
Table 75 - Yemen - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2015
Table 76 - Yemen - Household PC penetration - 2005 - 2015
Table 77 - Yemen - International Internet bandwidth - 2005 - 2014
Chart 1 - Israel - Broadband subscribers and penetration versus PC penetration - 2002 - 2014
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