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Senegalese government to revise telecoms legislation to keep pace with ICT changesSenegal’s economic growth has improved steadily in recent years, with GDP estimated to have grown 5.1% in 2015. This has translated into consistent growth in the telecom market, with the number of mobile subscribers having increased 2.6% in the first quarter of 2016 alone. Orange Group’s local subsidiary Sonatel is the dominant player in both the fixed-line and mobile sectors, though there is effective competition in the mobile sector from Tigo Senegal and Sudatel’s local unit Expresso, which have a 23% and 21% market share, respectively.
Competition in the fixed-line sector was introduced when Expresso launched services as the second national operator (SNO) in 2009. The new entrant initially chose CDMA2000 technology to serve both market segments but switched to GSM technology in 2010, including 3G/HSPA mobile broadband.
The licensing of new operators has not always been transparent in Senegal, with the licences of both Sentel and Sudatel were awarded under controversial circumstances. Sentel settled a four-year licence dispute with the government in August 2012.
The mobile market has prospered, helped in part by poor fixed-line infrastructure in some rural areas. Mobile penetration reached about 117% by mid-2016. A range of value-added services is available to subscribers, including mobile broadband access, which has become by far the dominant internet platform, accounting for about 98.5% of all internet accesses as of mid-2016.
Recent licensing developments will help propel the LTE sector. In June 2016 Sonatel secured a 17-year LTE licence (reduced from 20 years), as well as an extension to its fixed-line, 2G and 3G operating concessions (which had been due to expire in 2017) for no additional cost. The LTE licence includes the use of 10MHz of spectrum in the 1800MHz band and 10MHz in the 800MHz band. Sonatel must provide 70% population coverage within five years and 90% coverage within ten years.
Development of the internet market until 2007 was hampered by Sonatel’s monopolistic pricing of bandwidth on the only high-capacity international submarine fibre optic cable serving the country. Despite this, broadband services in Senegal are relatively advanced, and a range of IP-based services including broadband TV (IPTV) and converged triple-play services are offered. Sonatel has progressively reduced its prices following the arrival of several competing international fibre optic submarine cables.
ATOS Senegal replaces the State IT Agency (ADIE) to manage the 3,000km fibre network;
Globacom commissions landing station for its Glo-1 cable for Senegal;
Regulator prepares to revise the telecoms legislation to keep pace with ICT and technology changes;
Internet.org sets up in Senegal;
SIM card registration scheme revived;
Work on the Diamniadio Valley digital city continues;
Tigo launches the Yone money transfer service, invests XOF115 billion in modernising and upgrading its HSPA+ mobile network and preparing for the migration to LTE;
Rapid Communications sets up mobile remittance service in Senegal;
Sonatel Group sets up a Network Operating Common Centre (GNOC) in Dakar to manage operations in Senegal, Mali, Guinea and Guinea Bissau;
Regulator sets up new body to monitor QoS of telecom services;
Sonatel signs agreement to provide free 1Mb/s internet services to schools, sells domestic mobile tower portfolio;
Ericsson takes over operational management of Tigo’s mobile networks;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to March 2016, operator data to Q2 2016, recent market developments.Market penetration rates in Senegal’s telecoms sector – 2016 (e)
Penetration of telecoms services:Penetration
Mobile SIM (population)117%
Companies mentioned in this report:
Sonatel (Orange), Millicom (Sentel, Tigo), Sudatel (Expresso), Arc Informatique, Globacom, Mainstreet Technologies, Lycamobile Senegal.
Table of Contents
1. Executive summary
2. Key Statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Telecom sector reform
5.2 Telecommunications Act of 2001
5.3 Regulatory authority
5.4 Universal Service Fund
5.5 West African common regulatory framework 2005
5.6 Electronic Transactions Act
5.8 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.9 Digital Cities
5.10 Second national operator (SNO) licence
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Sonatel (Orange Senegal)
6.1.3 Financial results
6.1.4 Network infrastructure and services
6.1.5 Expansion into rural areas
6.1.7 International expansion
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 National Research and Education Network (NREN)
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.2 Terrestrial fibre and microwave
7.2.3 Submarine fibre
8. Smart infrastructure
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.3.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
9.3.2 Other fixed broadband services
10. Digital Economy
11. Digital Media
11.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
12. Mobile market
12.1 Market analysis
12.2 Mobile statistics
12.2.2 Mobile broadband
12.3 Regulatory issues
12.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
12.3.2 SIM card registration
12.3.3 Per-second billing (PSB)
12.3.4 Millicom licence dispute
12.3.5 LTE licence
12.4 Mobile infrastructure
12.4.1 Digital networks
12.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
12.5 Major mobile operators
12.5.1 Orange (Sonatel Mobiles)
12.5.2 Tigo (Sentel GSM)
12.5.3 Expresso (Sudatel)
12.5.4 Hayo Telecom
12.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
12.7 Mobile content and applications
12.7.2 M-payments and m-banking
13. Related reports
Table 1 – Country statistics Senegal – 2015 (e)
Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2016 (e)
Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2016
Table 4 – Internet statistics – 2016 (e)
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
Table 7 – Sonatel Group financial results – 2004 - 2016
Table 8 – Sonatel (Senegal) financial results (XOF) – 2012 - 2016
Table 9 – Sonatel/Orange fixed-line ARPU – 2004 - 2016
Table 10 – Sonatel/Orange fixed-line subscribers – 2012 - 2016
Table 11 – Historic -Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Senegal – 1999 - 2009
Table 12 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Senegal – 2010 - 2017
Table 13 – Market share of fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2016
Table 14 – International internet bandwidth in Senegal – 2002 - 2015
Table 15 – Internet penetration by platform – 2015 - 2016
Table 16 – Internet subscribers in Senegal – 2000 - 2017
Table 17 – Internet subscriber penetration – 2011 - 2016
Table 18 – Market share of internet connections by platform – 2011 - 2016
Table 19 – Internet subscribers by platform – 2011 - 2016
Table 20 – Market share of internet subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2016
Table 21 – DSL subscribers in Senegal – 2002 - 2017
Table 22 – Fixed wireless internet subscribers – 2012 – 2016
Table 23 – Fixed wireless broadband market share by operator (keys) – 2013 - 2016
Table 24 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 - 2009
Table 25 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2017
Table 26 – Market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2016
Table 27 – Prepaid and contract subscribers – 2012 - 2016
Table 28 – Mobile voice traffic – 2002 - 2016
Table 29 – Mobile broadband (2G/3G) subscribers – 2011 – 2016
Table 30 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2017
Table 31 – Market share of 2G/3G internet subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2015
Table 32 – Sonatel/Orange mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2016
Table 33 – Sonatel/Orange mobile revenue (€) – 2011 - 2016
Table 34 – Sonatel/Orange mobile ARPU (XOF) – 2011 - 2016
Table 35 – Sonatel/Orange blended mobile ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2016
Table 36 – Sonatel/Orange mobile data subscribers and revenue – 2013 - 2015
Table 37 – Tigo mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2016
Table 38 – Expresso mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2016
Chart 1 – Sonatel Group financial results – 2004 – 2016
Chart 2 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Senegal – 2005 – 2017
Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2005 - 2017
Exhibit 1 – Map of Senegal
Exhibit 2 – West African common regulatory framework 2005
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