The Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul

The Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul

Code: 100 | Published: Mar-2016 | Pages: 612 | SNS Research
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The term "Wireless Network Infrastructure" has conventionally been associated with macrocell RAN (Radio Access Network) and mobile core segments of mobile operator networks. However, the scope of the term is expanding as mobile operators increase their investments in Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure such as small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems), to cope with increasing capacity and coverage requirements.

In addition, mobile operators are keen to shift towards a C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, which centralizes baseband functionality to be shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes. In comparison to standalone clusters of base stations, C-RAN provides significant performance and economic benefits such as baseband pooling, enhanced coordination between cells, virtualization, network extensibility and energy efficiency.

Due to a decline in macrocell RAN infrastructure spending, SNS Research estimates that the wireless network infrastructure market will remain relatively flat through 2020, with annual investments of over $61 Billion. We also expect a significant shift in investments towards small cells, C-RAN, DAS and carrier Wi-Fi infrastructure. By 2020, these four submarkets, together with their fronthaul and backhaul segments, will account for over 50% of all wireless network infrastructure spending.

The "Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 - 2030 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul" report presents an in-depth assessment of the wireless network infrastructure ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, investment trends, mobile operator revenue potential, regional CapEx commitments, network rollout strategies, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and vendor market share. The report also presents forecasts for wireless network infrastructure investments from 2016 till 2030. The forecasts cover 9 individual submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics:
- Up-to-date coverage of market dynamics allowing wireless network infrastructure vendors to analyze opportunities and challenges of selling to mobile operators in different regional markets
- Analysis of demand and supply of wireless network infrastructure including forecasts of investment trends, technology requirements and deployment strategies for antenna, RAN, mobile core, backhaul and fronthaul deployments
- Review of mobile operator CapEx commitments, subscriptions, traffic projections and service revenue, by technology and region
- Market outlook for key technologies including TD-LTE, LTE-Advanced, VoLTE, RCS, LTE broadcast, unlicensed LTE small cells and 5G
- Industry roadmap and value chain
- Profiles and strategies of over 350 ecosystem players including wireless network infrastructure vendors and enabling technology providers
- Vendor market share for macrocell RAN, small cells, C-RAN, DAS, carrier Wi-Fi, mobile core, backhaul and fronthaul
- Market analysis and forecasts from 2016 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Macrocell RAN
Air Interface Technology Segmentation
- 2G & 3G
- LTE FDD
- TD-LTE
- WiMAX

Mobile Core
Technology Segmentation
- 3G Packet Core
- HLR (Home Location Register)
- MSS (Mobile Switching Subsystem)
- LTE EPC (Evolved Packet Core)
- WiMAX Mobile Core
- 5G Mobile Core

Macrocell Backhaul
Technology Segmentation
- Ethernet
- Microwave & Millimeter Wave
- Satellite
- WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
- PON (Passive Optical Network)
- Others

Small Cells
Air Interface Technology Segmentation
- 2G & 3G
- LTE
- 5G

Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

Use Case Segmentation
- Residential
- Enterprise
- Urban
- Rural & Suburban

Cell Size Segmentation
- Femtocells
- Picocells
- Microcells

Small Cell Backhaul
Technology Segmentation
- DSL
- Ethernet
- Microwave
- Millimeter Wave
- Satellite
- Fiber & Others

Carrier Wi-Fi
Submarket Segmentation
- Access Points
- Access Point Controllers

Integration Approach Segmentation
- Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots
- Managed Wi-Fi Offload

C-RAN
Air Interface Technology Segmentation
- 3G & LTE
- 5G

Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

Submarket Segmentation
- BBUs (Baseband Units)
- RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)

C-RAN Fronthaul
Technology Segmentation
- Dedicated Fiber
- WDM
- OTN (Optical Transport Network)
- PON
- Ethernet
- Microwave
- Millimeter Wave

DAS
Deployment Model Segmentation
- Indoor
- Outdoor

Regional Markets
- Asia Pacific
- Eastern Europe
- Latin & Central America
- Middle East & Africa
- North America
- Western Europe

Key Questions Answered
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
- How big is the 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G wireless network infrastructure opportunity?
- What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
- How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
- Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
- What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
- How will the market shape for small cell, C-RAN, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS deployments?
- How much service revenue will be generated by mobile operator networks?
- When will 2G and 3G infrastructure spending diminish?
- What is the outlook for LTE and 5G infrastructure investments?
- What are the future prospects of millimeter wave technology for backhaul, fronthaul and RAN deployments?
- Who are the key vendors in the market, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
- What strategies should wireless network infrastructure vendors and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings
The report has the following key findings:
- Due to a decline in macrocell RAN infrastructure spending, SNS Research estimates that the wireless network infrastructure market will remain relatively flat through 2020, with annual investments of over $61 Billion.
- SNS Research expects a significant shift in investments towards small cells, C-RAN, DAS and carrier Wi-Fi infrastructure. By 2020, these four submarkets, together with their fronthaul and backhaul segments, will account for over 50% of all wireless network infrastructure spending.
- Small cell and C-RAN solutions are beginning to converge as small cell OEMs seek to capitalize on the benefits of centralized coordination for in-building and enterprise coverage.
- Driven by ongoing large scale deployments, we estimate that LTE networks will generate nearly $800 Billion in annual service revenue by 2020.
- Vendors are increasing their focus on profit margins. Many are already cutting staff, embracing operational excellence, evolving their new business models, acquiring niche businesses and expanding their managed services offerings.
- New CapEx commitment avenues such as HetNet infrastructure and virtualization will continue to usher industry restructuring, and market consolidation.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Introduction 34
Executive Summary 34
Topics Covered 36
Forecast Segmentation 37
Key Questions Answered 41
Key Findings 42
Methodology 43
Target Audience 44
Companies & Organizations Mentioned 45

Chapter 2: An Overview of Wireless Network Infrastructure 50
What is Wireless Network Infrastructure? 50
2G: GSM & CDMA 51
2G Trends & Developments 51
2G Market Summary 52
3G: W-CDMA, TD-SCDMA & CDMA2000 52
3G Trends & Developments 53
3G Market Summary 54
4G: LTE, LTE-Advanced & WiMAX 55
4G Trends & Developments 55
4G Market Summary 55
5G: IMT-2020 Technologies 57
5G Trends & Developments 57
5G Market Summary 58
Macrocell RAN 60
Macrocell RAN Trends & Developments 61
HetNet RAN 62
HetNet RAN Trends & Developments 63
Small Cells 63
C-RAN 63
DAS 64
Carrier Wi-Fi 64
Mobile Core 65
Mobile Core Trends & Developments 65
Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul 67
Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Trends & Developments 68

Chapter 3: Market Drivers, Barriers & Risks 69
Market Drivers 69
Mobile Subscriptions Growth 69
Smartphone & Tablet Proliferation 70
Growing Penetration of Mobile Broadband 70
Mobile Data Traffic Growth 71
Interest from Vertical Markets 72
Reducing the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) 73
Replacement of Legacy Infrastructure: Continued Growth in Transport Networking 74
Advances in Spectrum Flexibility & Carrier Aggregation: Driving HetNet Deployments 75
Strategic Choice for CDMA & WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem 75
Addressing Legacy Network Congestion 75
Bringing Broadband to the Masses 76
Trend Summary: Which Segments of the Wireless Infrastructure Market Will Witness Growth? 76
Barriers & Risks 76
CapEx Commitments 76
Spectrum Scarcity 77
RAN Sharing: A Concept Embraced by Mobile Operators 77
Operators Are Finding Innovative Ways to Address Capacity Issues 77
Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Threats 78
Country Specific Risks 78
Key Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 79
Business Case for Investments in New and Existing Technologies 79
Gain Operational Efficiencies Through Strategic Investments 79
Invest in Capacity for Increased Revenue Opportunities 80
Deliver Best User Experience 80
Reduce Competitive Threats 80
Reserve Network Capacity the M2M Opportunities 81
Increase Customer Satisfaction 81
Capitalize on Differentiation Strategies 81
Evolve Towards the Next Generation 82

Chapter 4: Mobile Network CapEx Review 83
Global Mobile Network CapEx 83
Regional Split 84
Key Operator Commitments 85
China Mobile 86
China Unicom 86
AT&T Mobility 87
Vodafone Group 87
Verizon Wireless 88
China Telecom 88
NTT DoCoMo 89
Sprint Corporation 89
SoftBank Corporation 90
T-Mobile USA 90
KDDI 91
DT (Deutsche Telekom) 91
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) 92
Orange 92
Telenor Group 93
SK Telecom 93
Vivo 94
TIM Brazil 94
LG Uplus 95
Telkomsel 95
Megafon 96
Bharti Airtel 96
Movistar Venezuela 97
TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) 97
Vimpelcom 98
Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx 98
Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx 99
Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx 100
Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx 101
North America Mobile Network CapEx 102
Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx 103

Chapter 5: Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue Review 104
Global Mobile Network Subscriptions 104
Global Mobile Network Service Revenue 105
Segmentation by Technology 106
2G & 3G 107
FDD LTE 108
TD-LTE 109
WiMAX 110
5G 111
Regional Split 112
Asia Pacific 113
Eastern Europe 114
Latin & Central America 115
Middle East & Africa 116
North America 117
Western Europe 118

Chapter 6: Wireless Network Deployment Strategies 119
Antenna & RAN Strategies 119
Single RAN vs. Overlay Deployment 119
Adopting an RRH and FTTA Design 120
Migrating Towards C-RAN Architecture 121
Optimal Antenna Selection 122
Interference Limitation Strategies 122
Managing Co-Existence with Legacy 2G/3G RF Sites 122
Mobile Core Strategies 123
Integration of Functions & Virtualization 123
Deployment Architecture Choices 123
Supporting Legacy Networks 124
Integration with IMS 124
Embedding DPI for Policy Enforcement & Network Optimization 124
Backhaul & Fronthaul Strategies 125
Architectural Impact of X2 Interface 125
LTE-Advanced Requirements 125
Growing Backhaul Capacity & Latency Requirements 126
IPsec 126
Technology Options: Fiber, Microwave & Millimeter Wave 127
Developing a HetNet Backhaul Strategy 127
Synchronization and Timing 127
Transport Network Sharing 128
Fronthaul Options: Alternatives to Dedicated Fiber 128

Chapter 7: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 129
Industry Roadmap 129
2016 - 2020: Large Scale LTE & HetNet Infrastructure Rollouts 129
2020 - 2025: The Cloud RAN Era - Moving Towards C-RAN and Virtualization 130
2025 - 2030: Continued Investments with 5G Network Rollouts 131
Value Chain 132
Embedded Technology Ecosystem 132
Chipset Developers 132
Embedded Component/Software Providers 132
RAN Ecosystem 134
Macrocell RAN OEMs 134
Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs 134
Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs 134
DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 135
C-RAN Solution Providers 135
Other Technology Providers 135
Transport Networking Ecosystem 135
Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 135
Mobile Core Ecosystem 136
Mobile Core Solution Providers 136
Connectivity Ecosystem 136
Mobile Operators 136
Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers 136
SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 137
SON Ecosystem 137
SON Solution Providers 137
SDN & NFV Ecosystem 137
SDN & NFV Providers 137

Chapter 8: Vendor Landscape 138
Vendor Outlook 138
Pricing & Growth Sustainability 138
Portfolio Diversification 138
Vendor Ranking 139
Macrocell RAN 139
Mobile Core 140
Small Cells 140
Carrier Wi-Fi 141
C-RAN 141
DAS 142
Backhaul & Fronthaul 142

Chapter 9: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents 143
Cisco Systems 143
Ericsson 144
Fujitsu 146
Hitachi 147
Huawei 148
NEC Corporation 149
Nokia Networks & Alcatel-Lucent 150
Samsung Electronics 153
ZTE 155

Chapter 10: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists 157
Accelleran 157
Adax 158
ADB 159
Affirmed Networks 160
Airspan Networks 161
Alpha Networks 162
Altiostar Networks 163
Arcadyan Technology Corporation 164
Argela 165
ARItel 166
Artemis Networks 167
Askey Computer Corporation 168
ASOCS 169
Athonet 170
Athena Wireless Communications (Google) 171
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates) 172
Brocade Communications Systems 173
Casa Systems 174
CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.) 175
Contela 176
CS Corporation 177
Datang Mobile 178
Dongwon T&I 179
Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications) 180
Gemtek Technology Company 181
GENBAND 182
GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 183
HP (Hewlett-Packard) 184
ip.access 185
Juni Global 186
Juniper Networks 187
Lemko 188
LGS Innovations 189
Mitel Networks Corporation 190
New Postcom Equipment Company 191
NewNet Communication Technologies 192
Nutaq 193
Oceus Networks 194
Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 195
Parallel Wireless 196
Polaris Networks 197
Potevio (China Potevio Company) 198
Quanta Computer 199
Qucell 200
Quortus 201
Redline Communications 202
Sagemcom 203
Samji Electronics Company 204
SerComm Corporation 205
SK Telesys 206
SpiderCloud Wireless 207
Star Solutions 209
Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company) 210
Taqua 211
Tecom 212
TEKTELIC Communications 213
Telum 214
Telrad Networks 215
WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 216
Z-Com (ZDC Wireless) 217

Chapter 11: Antenna, DAS & Repeater Solution Specialists 218
AceAxis 218
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 218
Affarii Technologies 219
American Tower Corporation 219
Arqiva 220
Axis Teknologies 220
Black Box Corporation 221
BTI Wireless 222
CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 223
CCI (Crown Castle International) 224
CCI Systems 225
Cobham Wireless 226
Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 227
CommScope 228
Corning 229
Dali Wireless 230
DeltaNode (Bird Technologies) 231
Ethertronics 232
ExteNet Systems 233
Foxcom 234
Galtronics 234
Goodman Networks 235
GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 236
JRC (Japan Radio Company) 237
JMA Wireless 238
Kisan Telecom 239
KMW 239
Kathrein-Werke KG 240
MER-CellO Wireless Solutions 241
Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group) 242
MTI Mobile 243
Nexius 244
Nextivity 245
RF Window 246
RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 247
Rosenberger 248
SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies) 249
Sumitomo Electric Industries 250
Sunwave Communications 251
TESSCO Technologies 252
Westell Technologies 253
Zinwave 254

Chapter 12: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists 255
4ipnet 255
ABB 256
Accuris Networks 257
Aerohive Networks 258
Alvarion Technologies 259
Aptilo Networks 260
Aruba Networks 261
Autelan 262
BandwidthX 263
Birdstep Technology 264
Browan Communications 265
BSG Wireless 266
D-Link Corporation 267
Edgewater Wireless Systems 268
EION Wireless 269
Firetide 270
Fortinet 271
Front Porch 272
GoNet Systems 273
Handlink Technologies 274
Meru Networks 275
Netgem 276
NETGEAR 277
Nomadix 278
Panasonic Corporation 279
Ro-Timak Technology 280
Ruckus Wireless 281
Senao Networks 282
Smith Micro Software 283
SpectrumMax 284
Syniverse Technologies 285
TP-LINK Technologies 286
Tranzeo Wireless Technologies 287
Ubiquiti Networks 288
WeFi 289
Zebra Technologies Corporation 290
ZyXEL 291

Chapter 13: Enabling Technology Providers 292
6WIND 292
Ablaze Wireless 293
Absolute Analysis 294
Accelink Technologies 295
ADLINK Technology 296
ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 297
Advantech 298
AirHop Communications 299
AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 300
Allot Communications 300
Amarisoft 301
Amdocs 302
Anritsu Corporation 304
Aricent 304
ARM Holdings 305
Astellia 306
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 307
Artesyn Embedded Technologies 308
Artiza Networks 309
Avago Technologies 310
Azcom Technology 311
Benetel 312
Blu Wireless Technology 313
Broadcom Corporation 314
Cadence Design Systems 315
Cavium 316
CeedTec 317
Cellwize 318
Celtro 319
Coherent Logix 320
Comcores ApS 321
CommAgility 322
D2 Technologies 323
Dell 324
Direct Beam 325
eASIC Corporation 326
EDX Wireless 327
Eoptolink Technology 328
ERCOM 329
EXFO 330
Federated Wireless 331
Faraday Technology Corporation 332
Finisar Corporation 333
GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company) 334
GlobalFoundaries 335
Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology) 336
HG Genuine 337
IDT (Integrated Device Technology) 338
IMEC International 339
InfoVista 340
InnoLight Technology Corporation 341
Intel Corporation 342
InterDigital 343
iPosi 344
Ixia 345
Keysight Technologies 346
Kumu Networks 347
Lattice Semiconductor 348
Lime Microsystems 349
Lumentum 350
Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions) 351
Maxim Integrated 352
Mellanox Technologies 353
Microsemi Corporation 353
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 354
Mobiveil 355
Molex 356
Nash Technologies 357
NetScout Systems 358
Node-H 359
Nomor Research 360
NXP Semiconductors 361
OE Solutions 362
Octasic 363
Optulink 364
P.I. Works 365
Pletronics 366
PMC-Sierra 367
Procera Networks 368
Public Wireless 369
Qualcomm 370
Qulsar 371
QEOS 372
Qwilt 373
RADCOM 374
Radisys Corporation 375
Rakon 376
Red Hat 377
Reverb Networks 378
RF DSP 379
Saguna Networks 380
SAI Technology 381
Sarokal Test Systems 382
Silicon Labs 383
Sistelbanda 384
Source Photonics 385
Tata Elxsi 386
TEOCO Corporation 387
TI (Texas Instruments) 388
Tulinx 389
U-blox 390
Vectron International 391
Viavi Solutions 392
VPIsystems 393
WiPro 394
XCellAir 395
Xelic 396
Xilinx 397

Chapter 14: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Vendors 398
3Roam 398
4RF 398
Accedian Networks 399
Actelis Networks 400
Actiontec 400
Actus Networks 400
ADTRAN 401
ADVA Optical Networking 402
Advantech Wireless 402
ALAXALA Networks 403
Albis Technologies 403
ALCOMA 403
Allied Data Technologies 404
Allied Telesis 404
Aquantia 404
Arris 405
Avanti Communications 405
Aviat Networks 406
AVM 407
BLiNQ Networks 407
BluWan 408
BridgeWave Communications 409
BTI Systems 410
CableFree Solutions 410
Calix 411
Cambium Networks 411
Canoga Perkins 412
Carlson Wireless Technologies 412
CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.) 413
CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 414
Ceragon 414
Cielo Networks 415
Ciena Corporation 415
Comtrend 416
Corecess 417
Coriant 417
DASAN Networks 418
DragonWave 419
E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates) 420
EBlink 421
ECI Telecom 422
Elva-1 422
Exalt Communications 423
Extreme Networks 424
FastBack Networks 425
Fiberhome Technologies 426
FibroLan 426
Genmix Technology 427
Gilat Satellite Networks 427
HFR 428
Huahuan 428
Hughes Network Systems 429
HXI 429
iDirect 430
Infinera 431
Intracom Telecom 432
IPITEK 433
Iskratel 433
KEYMILE 433
LightPointe Communications 434
Loea Corporation 435
MAX4G 435
Microwave Networks 436
MIMOtech 437
MRV Communications 438
Nexcomm Systems 438
NexxComm Wireless 438
Omnitron Systems 439
OneAccess Networks 439
Polewall 439
Positron 440
Proxim Wireless Corporation 440
RACOM 441
RAD Data Communications 441
RADWIN 442
SAF Tehnika 443
SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica) 443
Siklu 444
SkyFiber 445
SMC Networks 445
Solectek 445
Star Microwave 446
Tarana Wireless 446
Telco Systems 447
Tellion 448
Tellumat 448
Telsey 448
Tilgin 448
Trango Systems 449
Ubiquoss 449
UTStarcom 449
Vubiq Networks 450
Wave1 450
Wavesight 451
Xavi Technologies 451
Yamaha Corporation 451
Zhone Technologies 452

Chapter 15: Global Market Analysis & Forecasts 453
Market Definition 453
Decomposing the Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 453
Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core 456
Macrocells 457
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 458
2G & 3G 459
FDD LTE 461
TD-LTE 462
WiMAX 463
5G 464
Mobile Core 465
Segmentation by Technology 465
3G Packet Core 466
HLR 466
MSS 467
LTE EPC 467
WiMAX 468
5G 468
Mobile Backhaul 469
Segmentation by Technology 469
Ethernet 470
Microwave & Millimeter Wave 470
Satellite 471
WDM 471
PON 472
Others 472
Small Cells 473
Segmentation by Use Case 474
Residential 475
Enterprise 476
Urban 477
Rural & Suburban 478
Segmentation by Form Factor 479
Femtocells 480
Picocells 481
Microcells 482
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 483
2G & 3G 484
LTE 485
5G 486
Segmentation by Deployment Model 487
Indoor 488
Outdoor 489
Small Cell Backhaul 490
Segmentation by Technology 490
DSL 491
Ethernet 491
Microwave 492
Millimeter Wave 492
Satellite 493
Fiber & Others 493
Carrier Wi-Fi 494
Segmentation by Submarket 494
Access Points 495
Access Point Controllers 496
Segmentation by Integration Approach 497
Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots 498
Managed Wi-Fi Offload 499
C-RAN 500
Segmentation by Submarket 500
RRHs (Remote Radio Heads) 501
BBUs (Baseband Units) 502
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 503
3G & LTE 503
5G 504
Segmentation by Deployment Model 505
Indoor 506
Outdoor 507
C-RAN Fronthaul 508
Segmentation by Technology 508
Dedicated Fiber 509
WDM 509
OTN & PON 510
Ethernet 510
Microwave 511
Millimeter Wave 511
DAS 512
Segmentation by Deployment Model 513
Indoor 514
Outdoor 515

Chapter 16: Regional Market Analysis & Forecasts 516
Segmentation by Region 516
Macrocells 517
Mobile Core 518
Macrocell Backhaul 519
Small Cells 519
Small Cell Backhaul 520
Carrier Wi-Fi 521
C-RAN 523
C-RAN Fronthaul 525
DAS 525
Asia Pacific 527
Macrocells 527
Mobile Core 529
Macrocell Backhaul 529
Small Cells 530
Small Cell Backhaul 531
Carrier Wi-Fi 531
C-RAN 533
C-RAN Fronthaul 535
DAS 536
Eastern Europe 537
Macrocells 537
Mobile Core 539
Macrocell Backhaul 539
Small Cells 540
Small Cell Backhaul 541
Carrier Wi-Fi 541
C-RAN 543
C-RAN Fronthaul 545
DAS 546
Latin & Central America 547
Macrocells 547
Mobile Core 549
Macrocell Backhaul 549
Small Cells 550
Small Cell Backhaul 551
Carrier Wi-Fi 551
C-RAN 553
C-RAN Fronthaul 555
DAS 556
Middle East & Africa 557
Macrocells 557
Mobile Core 559
Macrocell Backhaul 559
Small Cells 560
Small Cell Backhaul 561
Carrier Wi-Fi 561
C-RAN 563
C-RAN Fronthaul 565
DAS 566
North America 567
Macrocells 567
Mobile Core 569
Macrocell Backhaul 569
Small Cells 570
Small Cell Backhaul 571
Carrier Wi-Fi 571
C-RAN 573
C-RAN Fronthaul 575
DAS 576
Western Europe 577
Macrocells 577
Mobile Core 579
Macrocell Backhaul 579
Small Cells 580
Small Cell Backhaul 581
Carrier Wi-Fi 581
C-RAN 583
C-RAN Fronthaul 585
DAS 586

Chapter 17: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 587
Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 587
Is Virtualization a Threat to the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market? 588
Growing Focus on Enterprise RAN Deployments 589
Vendor Specific HetNet Offerings: Disrupting Traditional Network Architectures 590
Moving Towards C-RAN Architecture 590
Global Deployment Prospects 590
From Centralized to Cloud RAN: Virtualizing the RAN 591
Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence 592
Interface Options: Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution? 593
Fronthaul Transport: Are Cheaper Options Emerging? 594
Standardization Driving RAN & Wi-Fi Integration 594
Outlook for LTE-Advanced 596
Upgrades for Capacity & Coverage Boosts 596
Moving Beyond Carrier Aggregation 596
Service Revenue Prospects 597
Status of TD-LTE Investments 597
China Mobile: Starting an Era of Large-Scale TD-LTE Deployments 597
Data Offloading Opportunities with TD-LTE Small Cells 597
Capitalizing on Tight Interworking Between TDD and FDD 598
Outlook for VoLTE & RCS 598
Bringing LTE-Broadcast & eMBMS into Focus 599
Outlook for Unlicensed LTE Small Cells 600
5G Development Efforts 601
Global Deployment Plans 601
R&D Focus Areas 602
5G Demonstrations & Performance Assessment 602
Smart Cities: Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors to Lead the Way 603
Wireless Incumbents Could Face Cloud Rivals: Thanks to SDN & NFV 604
Spectrum: Driving Continued Acquisitions by Incumbent Mobile Operators 605
Mobile Operators Will Strive for Agility 605
Vertical Market Opportunities 605
SWOT Analysis 606
Strategic Recommendations 607
Recommendations for Mobile Operators 607
Recommendations for Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors 608


Figure 1: Subsegments of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 54
Figure 2: IMT-2020 Development Roadmap 62
Figure 3: Macrocell RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 64
Figure 4: HetNet RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 66
Figure 5: Global VoLTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 70
Figure 6: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Segmentation by Technology 71
Figure 7: Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 75
Figure 8: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 76
Figure 9: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 77
Figure 10: TCO Comparison for 2G, 3G, LTE and HetNet Deployments ($ per GB) 78
Figure 11: Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 83
Figure 12: Global Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 87
Figure 13: Mobile Network CapEx by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 88
Figure 14: CapEx Commitments for Top 25 Mobile Operators: 2015 ($ Million) 89
Figure 15: China Mobile CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 16: China Unicom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 17: AT&T Mobility CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 18: Vodafone CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 19: Verizon Wireless CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 20: China Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 21: NTT DoCoMo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 22: Sprint CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 23: SoftBank CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 24: T-Mobile US CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 25: KDDI CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 26: DT (Deutsche Telekom) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 27: MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 28: Orange CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 29: Telenor Group CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 30: SK Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 31: Vivo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 32: TIM Brazil CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 33: LG Uplus CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 34: Telkomsel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 35: Megafon CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 36: Bharti Airtel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 37: Movistar Venezuela CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 38: TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 39: Vimpelcom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 102
Figure 40: Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 102
Figure 41: Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 103
Figure 42: Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 104
Figure 43: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 105
Figure 44: North America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 106
Figure 45: Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 107
Figure 46: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 108
Figure 47: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 109
Figure 48: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 110
Figure 49: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 110
Figure 50: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 111
Figure 51: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 111
Figure 52: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 112
Figure 53: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 112
Figure 54: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 113
Figure 55: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 113
Figure 56: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 114
Figure 57: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 114
Figure 58: Global 5G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 115
Figure 59: Global 5G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 115
Figure 60: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 116
Figure 61: Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 116
Figure 62: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 117
Figure 63: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 117
Figure 64: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 118
Figure 65: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 118
Figure 66: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 119
Figure 67: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 119
Figure 68: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 120
Figure 69: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 120
Figure 70: North America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 121
Figure 71: North America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 121
Figure 72: Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 122
Figure 73: Western Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 122
Figure 74: RRH & FTTA Design 124
Figure 75: Legacy RAN to C-RAN Architectural Migration 125
Figure 76: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2016 - 2030 133
Figure 77: Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 137
Figure 78: Macrocell RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 143
Figure 79: Mobile Core Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 80: Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 81: Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 82: C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 83: DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 84: Backhaul & Fronthaul Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 85: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 458
Figure 86: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2016 (%) 459
Figure 87: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2020 (%) 459
Figure 88: Global Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 460
Figure 89: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 461
Figure 90: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 461
Figure 91: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 462
Figure 92: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 462
Figure 93: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 463
Figure 94: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 463
Figure 95: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 464
Figure 96: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 465
Figure 97: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 465
Figure 98: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 466
Figure 99: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 466
Figure 100: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 467
Figure 101: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 467
Figure 102: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 468
Figure 103: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 468
Figure 104: Global Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 105: Global Mobile Core Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 106: Global 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 107: Global HLR Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 108: Global MSS Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 109: Global LTE EPC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 110: Global WIMAX Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 111: Global 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 112: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 113: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 114: Global Ethernet Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 115: Global Microwave & Millimeter Wave Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 116: Global Satellite Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 117: Global WDM Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 118: Global PON Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 119: Global Other Technologies Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 120: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 477
Figure 121: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 477
Figure 122: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 478
Figure 123: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 478
Figure 124: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 479
Figure 125: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 479
Figure 126: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 480
Figure 127: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 480
Figure 128: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 481
Figure 129: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 481
Figure 130: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 482
Figure 131: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 482
Figure 132: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 483
Figure 133: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 483
Figure 134: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 484
Figure 135: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 484
Figure 136: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 485
Figure 137: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 485
Figure 138: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 486
Figure 139: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 486
Figure 140: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 487
Figure 141: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 487
Figure 142: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 488
Figure 143: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 488
Figure 144: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 489
Figure 145: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 489
Figure 146: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 490
Figure 147: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 490
Figure 148: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 491
Figure 149: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 491
Figure 150: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 492
Figure 151: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 492
Figure 152: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 493
Figure 153: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 493
Figure 154: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 155: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 156: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 157: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 158: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 159: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 160: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 161: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 162: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 163: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 164: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 499
Figure 165: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 499
Figure 166: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 500
Figure 167: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 500
Figure 168: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 501
Figure 169: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 501
Figure 170: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 502
Figure 171: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 502
Figure 172: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 503
Figure 173: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 503
Figure 174: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 175: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 176: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 505
Figure 177: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 505
Figure 178: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 506
Figure 179: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 506
Figure 180: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 181: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 182: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 508
Figure 183: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 509
Figure 184: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 509
Figure 185: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 510
Figure 186: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 510
Figure 187: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 511
Figure 188: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 511
Figure 189: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 190: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 191: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 192: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 193: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 194: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 195: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 196: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 197: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 516
Figure 198: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 516
Figure 199: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 517
Figure 200: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 517
Figure 201: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 518
Figure 202: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 518
Figure 203: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 519
Figure 204: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 519
Figure 205: Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 520
Figure 206: Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 521
Figure 207: Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 521
Figure 208: 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 209: Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 210: Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 523
Figure 211: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 523
Figure 212: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 213: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 214: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 525
Figure 215: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 525
Figure 216: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 526
Figure 217: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 218: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 527
Figure 219: RRH Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 220: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 528
Figure 221: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 222: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 223: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 529
Figure 224: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 530
Figure 225: Asia Pacific Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 226: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 531
Figure 227: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 228: Asia Pacific 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 229: Asia Pacific Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 230: Asia Pacific Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 231: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 534
Figure 232: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 233: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 234: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 535
Figure 235: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 236: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 536
Figure 237: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 238: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 537
Figure 239: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 240: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 538
Figure 241: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 242: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 243: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 540
Figure 244: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 540
Figure 245: Eastern Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 246: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 541
Figure 247: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 248: Eastern Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 249: Eastern Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 250: Eastern Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 251: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 544
Figure 252: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 253: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 254: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 545
Figure 255: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 256: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 546
Figure 257: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 258: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 547
Figure 259: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 548
Figure 260: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 548
Figure 261: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 262: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 263: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 550
Figure 264: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 550
Figure 265: Latin & Central America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 266: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 551
Figure 267: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 268: Latin & Central America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 269: Latin & Central America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 270: Latin & Central America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 271: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 554
Figure 272: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 273: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 274: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 555
Figure 275: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 276: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 556
Figure 277: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 278: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 557
Figure 279: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 558
Figure 280: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 558
Figure 281: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 282: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 283: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 560
Figure 284: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 560
Figure 285: Middle East & Africa Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 561
Figure 286: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 561
Figure 287: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 288: Middle East & Africa 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 289: Middle East & Africa Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 290: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 291: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 564
Figure 292: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 293: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 565
Figure 294: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 565
Figure 295: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 296: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 566
Figure 297: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 567
Figure 298: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 567
Figure 299: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 300: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 568
Figure 301: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 302: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 303: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 570
Figure 304: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 570
Figure 305: North America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 306: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 571
Figure 307: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 308: North America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 309: North America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 310: North America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 311: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 574
Figure 312: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 574
Figure 313: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 575
Figure 314: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 575
Figure 315: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 576
Figure 316: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 576
Figure 317: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 577
Figure 318: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 577
Figure 319: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 578
Figure 320: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 578
Figure 321: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 322: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 323: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 580
Figure 324: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 580
Figure 325: Western Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 581
Figure 326: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 581
Figure 327: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 328: Western Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 329: Western Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 330: Western Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 331: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 584
Figure 332: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 584
Figure 333: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 585
Figure 334: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 585
Figure 335: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 586
Figure 336: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 586
Figure 337: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 587
Figure 338: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 587
Figure 339: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 588
Figure 340: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 588
Figure 341: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 342: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 343: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 590
Figure 344: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 590
Figure 345: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 593
Figure 346: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN 596
Figure 347: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 599
Figure 348: SWOT Analysis of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 610

Companies Mentioned


3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
3Roam
4ipnet
4RF
6WIND
ABB
Ablaze Wireless
Absolute Analysis
Accedian Networks
Accelink Technologies
Accelleran
Accuris Networks
AceAxis
Actelis Networks
Actiontec
Actus Networks
Adax
ADB
ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
ADLINK Technology
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
ADTRAN
ADVA Optical Networking
Advantech
Advantech Wireless
Aerohive Networks
Affarii Technologies
Affirmed Networks
AirHop Communications
Airspan Networks
Airvana
AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices)
ALAXALA Networks
Albis Technologies
Alcatel-Lucent
ALCOMA
Allied Data Technologies
Allied Telesis
Allot Communications
Alpha Networks
Altiostar Networks
Alvarion Technologies
Amarisoft
Amdocs
American Tower Corporation
Anritsu Corporation
Aptilo Networks
Aquantia
Arcadyan Technology Corporation
Argela
Aricent
ARItel
ARM Holdings
Arqiva
Arris
Artemis Networks
Artesyn Embedded Technologies
Artiza Networks
Aruba Networks
Askey Computer Corporation
ASOCS
Astellia
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
AT&T Mobility
Athena Wireless Communications
Athonet
Autelan
Avago Technologies
Avanti Communications
Aviat Networks
AVM
Axis Teknologies
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates)
Azcom Technology
BandwidthX
Benetel
Bharti Airtel
Birdstep Technology
Black Box Corporation
BLiNQ Networks
Blu Wireless Technology
BluWan
BridgeWave Communications
Broadcom Corporation
Brocade Communications Systems
Browan Communications
BSG Wireless
BTI Systems
BTI Wireless
CableFree Solutions
Cadence Design Systems
Calix
Cambium Networks
Canoga Perkins
Carlson Wireless Technologies
Casa Systems
Cavium
CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)
CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)
CCI (Crown Castle International)
CCI Systems
CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)
CeedTec
Cellwize
Celtro
Ceragon
China Mobile
China Telecom
China Unicom
Cielo Networks
Ciena Corporation
Cisco Systems
Cobham Wireless
Coherent Logix
Comba Telecom Systems Holdings
Comcores ApS
CommAgility
CommScope
Comtrend
Contela
Corecess
Coriant
Corning
CS Corporation
D2 Technologies
Dali Wireless
DASAN Networks
Datang Mobile
Dell
DeltaNode (Bird Technologies)
Direct Beam
D-Link Corporation
Dongwon T&I
DragonWave
DT (Deutsche Telekom)
eASIC Corporation
E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates)
EBlink
ECI Telecom
Edgewater Wireless Systems
EDX Wireless
EION Wireless
Elva-1
Eoptolink Technology
ERCOM
Ericsson
Ethertronics
Exalt Communications
EXFO
ExteNet Systems
Extreme Networks
Faraday Technology Corporation
FastBack Networks
Federated Wireless
Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications)
Fiberhome Technologies
FibroLan
Finisar Corporation
Firetide
Fortinet
Foxcom
Front Porch
Fujitsu
Galtronics
Gemtek Technology Company
GENBAND
Genmix Technology
GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company)
Gilat Satellite Networks
GlobalFoundaries
GoNet Systems
Goodman Networks
Google
GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)
GSMA
GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
Handlink Technologies
HFR
HG Genuine
Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology)
Hitachi
HP (Hewlett-Packard)
Huahuan
Huawei
Hughes Network Systems
HXI
iDirect
IDT (Integrated Device Technology)
IMEC International
Infinera
InfoVista
InnoLight Technology Corporation
Intel Corporation
InterDigital
Intracom Telecom
ip.access
IPITEK
iPosi
Iskratel
ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
Ixia
JMA Wireless
JRC (Japan Radio Company)
Juni Global
Juniper Networks
Kathrein-Werke KG
KDDI
KEYMILE
Keysight Technologies
Kisan Telecom
KMW
KT Corporation
Kumu Networks
Lattice Semiconductor
Lemko
LG Uplus
LGS Innovations
LightPointe Communications
Lime Microsystems
Loea Corporation
Lumentum
Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions)
MAX4G
Maxim Integrated
Megafon
Mellanox Technologies
MER-CellO Wireless Solutions
Meru Networks
Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group)
Microsemi Corporation
Microwave Networks
MIMOtech
Mitel Networks Corporation
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
Mobiveil
Molex
Movistar Venezuela
MRV Communications
MTI Mobile
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
Nash Technologies
NEC Corporation
NETGEAR
Netgem
NetScout Systems
New Postcom Equipment Company
NewNet Communication Technologies
Nexcomm Systems
Nexius
Nextivity
NexxComm Wireless
Node-H
Nokia Networks
Nomadix
Nomor Research
NTT DoCoMo
Nutaq
NXP Semiconductors
Oceus Networks
Octasic
OE Solutions
Omnitron Systems
OneAccess Networks
Optulink
Orange
P.I. Works
Panasonic Corporation
Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company)
Parallel Wireless
Pletronics
PMC-Sierra
Polaris Networks
Polewall
Positron
Potevio (China Potevio Company)
Procera Networks
Proxim Wireless Corporation
Public Wireless
QEOS
Qualcomm
Quanta Computer
Qucell
Qulsar
Quortus
Qwilt
RACOM
RAD Data Communications
RADCOM
Radisys Corporation
RADWIN
Rakon
Red Hat
Redline Communications
Reverb Networks
RF DSP
RF Window
RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
Rosenberger
Ro-Timak Technology
Ruckus Wireless
SAF Tehnika
Sagemcom
Saguna Networks
SAI Technology
Samji Electronics Company
Samsung Electronics
Sarokal Test Systems
Senao Networks
SerComm Corporation
SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica)
Siklu
Silicon Labs
Sistelbanda
SK Telecom
SK Telesys
SkyFiber
Small Cell Forum
SMC Networks
Smith Micro Software
SoftBank Corporation
Solectek
SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies)
Source Photonics
SpectrumMax
SpiderCloud Wireless
Sprint Corporation
Star Microwave
Star Solutions
Sumitomo Electric Industries
Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company)
Sunwave Communications
Syniverse Technologies
Taqua
Tarana Wireless
Tata Elxsi
Tecom
TEKTELIC Communications
Telco Systems
Telenor Group
Telkomsel
Tellion
Tellumat
Telrad Networks
Telsey
Telum
TEOCO Corporation
TESSCO Technologies
TI (Texas Instruments)
Tilgin
TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
TIM Brazil
T-Mobile USA
TP-LINK Technologies
Trango Systems
Tranzeo Wireless Technologies
Tulinx
Ubiquiti Networks
Ubiquoss
U-blox
UTStarcom
Vectron International
Verizon Wireless
Viavi Solutions
Vivo
Vodafone Group
VPIsystems
Vubiq Networks
Wave1
Wavesight
WeFi
Westell Technologies
Wi-Fi Alliance
WiPro
WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
Xavi Technologies
XCellAir
Xelic
Xilinx
Yamaha Corporation
Z-Com (ZDC Wireless)
Zebra Technologies Corporation
Zhone Technologies
Zinwave
ZTE
ZyXEL

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